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How We Rate Used Firearms




Many years ago the National Rifle Association (NRA) developed a set of standards for grading the overall condition of used firearms. This is the most widely used system, and it is also the one we use here at Bashaw Sports.

Here are the standard gun condition rating terms, as defined by the National Rifle Association. It is important to note that there are separate rating systems used for Antique vs. Modern Firearms.

You can read more here: NRA Museum page.


  • NEW: Not previously sold at retail, in same condition as current factory production.
  • PERFECT: In New condition in every respect.
  • EXCELLENT: New condition, used but little, no noticeable marring of wood or metal, bluing perfect, (except at muzzle or sharp edges).
  • VERY GOOD: In perfect working condition, no appreciable wear on working surfaces, no corrosion or pitting, only minor surface dents or scratches.
  • GOOD: In safe working condition, minor wear on working surfaces, no broken parts, no corrosion or pitting that will interfere with proper functioning.
  • FAIR: In safe working condition but well worn, perhaps requiring replacement of minor parts or adjustments which should be indicated in advertisement, no rust, but may have corrosion pits which do not render article unsafe or inoperable.


  • Factory New - all original parts; 100% original finish; in perfect condition in every
    respect, inside and out.
  • Excellent - all original parts; over 80% original finish; sharp lettering, numerals and
    design on metal and wood; unmarred wood; fine bore.
  • Fine - all original parts; over 30% original finish; sharp lettering, numerals and design on
    metal and wood; minor marks in wood; good bore.
  • Very Good - all original parts; none to 30% original finish; original metal surfaces smooth
    with all edges sharp; clear lettering, numerals and design on metal; wood slightly
    scratched or bruised; bore disregarded for collectors firearms.
  • Good - less than 20% original finish, some minor replacement parts; metal smoothly rusted
    or lightly pitted in places, cleaned or reblued; principal lettering, numerals and design
    on metal legible; wood refinished, scratched, bruised or minor cracks repaired; in good
    working order.
  • Fair - less than 10% original finish, some major parts replaced; minor replacement parts
    may be required; metal rusted, may be lightly pitted all over, vigorously cleaned or
    reblued; rounded edges of metal and wood; principal lettering, numerals and design on
    metal partly obliterated; wood scratched, bruised, cracked or repaired where broken; in
    fair working order or can be easily repaired and placed in working order.
  • Poor - little or no original finish remaining, major and minor parts replaced; major
    replacement parts required and extensive restoration needed; metal deeply pitted; principal
    lettering, numerals and design obliterated, wood badly scratched, bruised, cracked
    or broken; mechanically inoperative, generally undesirable as a collector's firearm.

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